sábado, 28 de abril de 2018

BLACK DEATH IN THE MIDDLE AGES BY PAULA CARRIL (2 ESO C)


The Black Death is the name of a terrible bacterial disease that spread throughout Europe from 1348 to 1352. There was no cure for the disease and It was highly contagious.

The plague originated in Asia and travelled westward along the Silk Road, which was a trade route that went from China to Eastern Europe. Cities were the most affected because the population was dense and the disease was carried by fleas and rats. Although people had different points of view, for example, historians thought that black rats living on European merchantships caught the disease and eventually brought it to Europe. Other people believed that It was a punishment of God, some scientists thought it was a bacteria called Yersinia Pestis, the thing which marks the beginning of the disease. The rest realized that pockets of bad air released by earthquakes caused it and another amount of people blamed the Jews for bringing it to kill Christians.



It is hard to imagine how scary life was in the Middle Ages during the Black Death. It killed at least one third of the population in Europe, and probably more. Mortality was extremely high because the population at the time was badly nourished, and did not live in hygienic conditions.

In almost all cases the plague was contagious by transmission, which means that if an animal or person who had the Black Death touched you, you would get infected. The main symptoms were: high fever, shivering and swelling of the neck. If you presented this, it meant you were infected and you would surely die after a few days. To be completely sure, a health care provider diagnosed you by doing laboratory tests on blood or on fluid from a lymph node.



It was so destructive that It become known as the Black Death. Also because of how the skin turned dark at the late stages of the disease, but It was more likely called “Black” to reflect the dark and horrible time in history.

As you might expect, there was panic and many people were sure it was the end of the world. Their solution was to lock their doors and try to hide hide in their houses, but the plague expanded everywhere. In the face of despair, they burned down houses or even villages to try to stop this disaster.



Much of the infrastructure of Europe was gone in 1490. When the Black Death finally subsided, it took around 150 years for Europe to rebuild.



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